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Caribbean Environment Program
DEAL Guadeloupe
United Nations Environment Programme
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Protected Areas listed under the SPAW Protocol

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Actually, the 32 Protected Areas listed under the SPAW Protocol significantly contribute to the conservation of marine and coastal biodiversity in the Caribbean, while targeting various and complimentary features, habitats and species. Some good examples can illustrate this point, as the Everglades National Park is the most significant breeding ground for tropical wading birds in North America containing the largest mangrove ecosystem in the western hemisphere. The Bonaire National Marine Park encompasses 2,700 ha of coral reef, seagrass and mangrove ecosystems with 50 species of stony coral and more than 350 species of reef fish. The National Park of Guanahacabibes in Cuba counts flora treasures (125 timber, 146 medicinal and 132 melliferous species) and numerous species included in the IUCN Red List or in the Annexes of the SPAW Protocol. The Agoa Sanctuary in the French West Indies covers 59,000 mi² of ocean with the aim of ensuring the conservation of marine mammals within the framework of a harmonious co-existence with human activities.

In 2012, eighteen (18) Caribbean Protected Areas were listed under the Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) Protocol of the Cartagena Convention within the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

  • in Belize: Hol Chan Marine Reserve and Glover’s Reef Marine Reserve;
  • in Cuba: Guanahacabibes National Park;
  • in Colombia: Sanctuary Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta and Regional Seaflower Marine Protected Area in San Andrés and Providencia Archipelago;
  • in France: Grand Connétable Island Natural Reserve (French Guyana), National Park of Guadeloupe, St Martin National Reserve and Lagoon Ponds, Petite-Terre National Reserve (Guadeloupe), and Agoa Sanctuary (FWI);
  • in the Caribbean Netherlands: Bonaire National Marine Park, St Eustatius National Park, the Quill/Boven National Park and Saba Bank National Park;
  • in the United States of America: Florida Key National Marine Sanctuary, Dry Tortugas National Park, Everglades National Park in Florida, and Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary in Texas.

The Eight Meeting of the Contracting Parties (COP8) to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) in the Wider Caribbean Region took place in Cartagena, Colombia, on December 9, 2014. Thirteen (13) protected areas to be listed under the SPAW Protocol were approved by the Parties:

  • in Colombia: Regional Natural Park of Wetlands between the rivers León and Suriquí ;
  • in the the Kingdom of the Netherlands: Saba National Marine Park, St Eustatius National Marine Park, and Man O War Shoal Marine Park (Sint Maarten) ;
  • in France: Reserve Etang des Salines and Reserve Versants Nord de la Montagne Pelée in Martinique.
  • in Belize: Port Honduras Marine Reserve.
  • in the Dominican Republic: La Caleta Submarine Park, National Park Jaragua, National Park Haitises, and National Park Sierra de Bahoruco.
  • in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: Tobago Cay Marine Park.
  • in Grenada: Molinière-Beauséjour Reserve.

The Ninth Meeting of the Contracting Parties (COP9) to the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) in the Wider Caribbean Region took place in Cayenne, French Guiana, on March 13, 2017. One (1) protected area to be listed under the SPAW Protocol was approved by the Parties, which brings to 32 the number of protected areas listed under the protocol. The newly-listed site :

  • Cuba: National Parc Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba.

Maps

1 - Protected Areas already listed under the SPAW Protocol with year of listing.
2 - Protected areas listed under the SPAW Protocol in the Eastern Caribbean Region
3 - Protected areas listed under the SPAW Protocol in the Wider Caribbean Region

You will also find in the table below a factsheet, report and the website of each Protected Areas listed.

Country Area Factsheet Report Site
Belize Glover’s reef Marine Reserve download Report Site
Belize Hol Chan Marine Reserve download Report Site
Belize Port Honduras Marine Reserve download Report Site
Colombia Sanctuary Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta download Report Site
Colombia Regional Seaflower Marine Protected Area download Report Site
Colombia Regional Natural Park of Wetlands download Report Site
Cuba Guanahacabibes National Park download Report Site
Cuba National Parc Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba Report Site
Dominican Republic National Park Jaragua download Report Site
Dominican Republic National Park la Caleta download Report Site
Dominican Republic National Park Sierra de Bahoruco download Report Site
Dominican Republic National Park Haitises download Report Site
France Grand Connétable Island Natural Reserve download Report Site
France National Park of Guadeloupe download Report Site
France St Martin Lagoon Ponds download Report Site
France St Martin National Reserve download Report Site
France Agoa Sanctuary download Report Site
France Petite-Terre National Reserve download Report Site
France Reserve Etang des Salines download Report Site
France Reserve Versants Nord de la Montagne Pelée download Report Site
Grenada Molinière-Beauséjour Reserve download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands Saba National Marine Park download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands St Eustatius National Marine Park download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands Man O War Shoal Marine Park download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands Bonaire National Marine Park download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands the Quill and Boven National Park download Report Site
Kingdom of the Netherlands Saba Bank National Park download Report Site
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Tobago Cay Marine Park download Report Site
United States of America Florida Key National Marine Sanctuary download Report Site
United States of America Dry Tortugas National Park download Report Site
United States of America Everglades National Park download Report Site
United States of America Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary download Report Site