The SPAW-RAC is the Regional Activity Centre aimed at implementing the Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife in the wider caribbean region (SPAW)  from the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea. 37 states and territories signed a regional maritime agreement in 1983, namely the Cartagena Convention for the protection and development of the marine environment in the Wider Caribbean Region. See the United Nations Environment Programme/Caribbean Environment Programme (UNEP/CEP) website on the subject). A number of themed protocols make up this Convention, with the SPAW protocol coming into force in 2000. The SPAW Protocol therefore bears on marine and coastal biodiversity, not least natural habitats such as sea grass beds or coral reefs, marine species such as cetaceans or turtles, marine protected areas, etc (see section SPAW protocol).
When the SPAW Protocol came into force, an agreement was signed between UNEP and France. This agreement indicates that the SPAW-RAC is placed under the authority of the Regional Coordination Unit for the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-RCU) based in Kingston, Jamaica, which ensures Cartagena Convention Secretarial duties and Protocol application, including SPAW. The SPAW-RAC has been based in the Parc National de Guadeloupe since 2009 and the French Government funds its operation costs and team.